Red Fort

Red Fort

Red Fort is an articulate memorial of the glory of the Mughal dynasty. Acknowledged as a World Heritage Site, the fort is also known as “Lal Quila”. The monument is the contribution of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan who built it in 1639 in the walled city of Old Delhi. The construction of the fort took around 9 years to complete. Till 1857, it was the capital of Mughals and after that it was transferred to the British Indian Govt and became a military cap till India got independence.

At first, it was named as ‘Qila-e-Mubarak’ or the blessed fort because it was the home of the royal family. Tourists can visit the fort on all days, besides on Monday from 10 A.M. to 4 P.M.Red Fort becomes a crowd-puller on 15th August as the Prime Minister addresses the country against the backdrop of this historic monument.

The Red Fort was entitled as the palace for Shah Jahan's new capital Shahjhanabad. It is an impressive red sandstone architecture of eight sides. The main features of the palace include the zenanas or women's quarters, the Mumtaz Mahal, now a museum and the bigger, lavish Rang Mahal that is famous for its ornamented ceiling and marble pool.

Khas Mahal is another highlight of the fort that encompasses the imperial chambers. These consist of a series of suites and prayer rooms. There is also the Mussaman Burj, a tower that is built against the fortress walls, from which the king could show himself to the locals in a daily ceremony.

Diwan-E-Khas is the next structure, which is the profusely decorated hall of private audience, mainly for ministerial as well as court assemblies. On the columns of the pavilions, the art work of floral pietra dura patterns is done with valuable stones and gilding.

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Another pavilion encompasses the hammam or baths that follow the Turkish style. Gaze at westwards and one can find a gorgeous small structure, the Moti Masjid or the Pearl Mosque. Built for Aurangzeb in 1659 as a private mosque, it offers an eye-pleasing view to the onlookers. This small, three-domed mosque is carved with white marble.

 A large 'Life-Bestowing Garden', The Hayat Bakhsh Bagh also lies here that is watered by two channels of water.

A visit to Red Fort takes you to a relic, exhibiting an important phase of Indian history!


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